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History of Nagpur
The city got its name from the River Nag or Nag people and is known since prehistoric times. Nagpur and its surrounding region also find a mention in the Vedic and Mauryan scriptures. Nagpur citys foundation was laid by the Gond King of Deogad "Bakht Buland Shah" in the year 1703. Chand Sultan, successor to Bakht Buland Shah, constructed a three-mile long wall around his City by the Nag River. In 1743, it became the capital of Raghoji Rao Bhonsles kingdom. The Bhonsle period witnessed peace with cultural and economic prosperity.
Cottage and handloom industry started developing during this period. The city was annexed in 1817 by the British after the defeat of Appasaheb Bhosale in the Battle of Sitabuldi. Consciousness for planned city development was raised by Sir Patrick Geddes, who visited the city in 1915. The Nagpur Improvement Trust (N.I.T.) was established in 1936 to carry out planned development in the city. The British Government made Nagpur the capital of the new state named Central Province in mid-19th century and it remained so till 1956, after which it became the second capital of Maharashtra.
Thus Nagpur has enjoyed the status of being the administrative centre of Central India during the ancient and medieval eras. It carries a legacy of cultural and economic prosperity. Its proximity to tribal areas has also ensured the preservation of its natural resources, i.e., minerals and forests. In the modern era, though Nagpur has lost its politically prime position, natural aspects of geography, climate and location continue to position it favourably for prospering as an economic hub.